The Caribbean is the epicentre of the conservation movement, but it’s not the only region of the world where biodiversity is under threat.
A series of devastating hurricanes in recent years has decimated native species and threatened biodiversity, leaving thousands of native species at risk.
The keystone reserves in the south and east of the Caribbean are just some of the places where wildlife is at risk from climate change, invasive species and human impacts.
Keystone reserves are protected in the United States by the Endangered Species Act.
But that’s just the tip of the iceberg, and there are many more vulnerable areas of the planet.
Here are five places where the threat of climate change is becoming more pronounced.
Bahamas Keystone reserve, Bahamas A popular tourist destination, Keystone is located just outside the Bahamas in the Bahamas’ central bay.
This unique natural resource is home to a wide variety of marine life, including reef fish, seabirds, whales and dolphins.
But this marine environment is also one of the most vulnerable to climate change.
Coral reefs in the central bay, which contain a rich array of life, are shrinking as temperatures rise and temperatures rise further.
This has led to increased coral bleaching and reduced biodiversity.
In the southern half of the bay, the Great Barrier Reef is dying, as are many other keystone islands, leaving more vulnerable coral and shellfish species to suffer.
Keystones reefs provide a breeding ground for a range of species, from coral to shellfish, and are a key breeding ground of threatened species like the Atlantic right whale, which are critically endangered.
South Atlantic islands, Micronesia The islands of Microneses, which span over 2,000 square kilometres, are home to the world’s largest coral reefs.
The Micronesian coral reefs are home the world wide species of reef fish and coral shrimp, which is important for the livelihoods of these local communities.
Micronesians are also the world leaders in protecting marine life and protecting their seas.
In 2017, an earthquake killed nearly 50 percent of the population of Microran coral reefs, and this death toll has continued to rise.
These reefs provide habitat for a wide range of endangered species, including dolphins, turtles, sharks, sea lions and dolphins, as well as reef fish such as hammerhead, catfish, mussels and crabs.
This marine environment has also been affected by rising temperatures and rising sea levels, which has led many Micronesese to migrate to other islands in the region, such as the US Virgin Islands, Guam and Puerto Rico.
Pacific islands, Palau The island of Palau, which covers an area of nearly 10,000 kilometres, is home both to a number of keystone species, and is home for a number native species that are critically threatened.
In addition to keystone reefs, Palaus reefs are vital to the survival of native animals and plants, such the endemic reef turtle, the endemic kite, and the endemic bluefin tuna.
In 2016, an annual tsunami destroyed some 30 percent of Palaus coral reefs and caused coral bleaches that killed more than 400,000 turtles and threatened the species of turtle found on the islands.
Palaus is also home to several keystone populations, including the critically endangered yellow-throated spoonbill, which the US government is trying to protect through the Endowment for the Preservation of Pacific Turtles, which was established in 2013.
South Pacific islands (Aruba and Vanuatu) The Aruba Islands, which include the Vanuatuan archipelago, are also home the island-like coral reef life, which includes some of Africa’s most endangered species.
In a 2017 study, researchers found that the Vanusan archipelagic zone, a marine area between the central and southern coasts of Africa, was home to up to 1,500 species of marine birds, with many of these threatened by climate change and habitat loss.
Coral bleaching is one of these threats, and these species are vulnerable to sea level rise.
This is especially true for the kite.
This species, which can grow up to 30 metres long, can travel over 30 kilometres to land, and can migrate up to 200 kilometres to spawn.
The species is also vulnerable to coastal erosion, as this habitat is often washed away by waves and waves eroding away the coral reef.
Northern hemisphere, Antarctica Antarctica’s polar regions are also experiencing rising temperatures, and increasing ocean temperatures are also impacting keystone reef communities.
The warming polar regions and the loss of keystones reefs, as a result, are leading to increasing coral bleached areas in the northern hemisphere.
This bleaching event is also contributing to the spread of invasive species.
Coral and shell fish are two of the major threats in these waters.
South American islands, Peru The most famous keystone reserve in the world is the Bajo Verde, a UNESCO World Heritage site located on